Flea Wars (Part 2): Key Active Ingredients

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In the U. It is fast-acting, but short-lived as it only kills the adult stage. Jeffers only has this available for dogs in a collar, namely . Pennyroyal Oil ? Another essential oil used in flea treatments that is sometimes dangerous to cats. Like Permethrins (which were based on the chemical structure of the Pyrethrins), they are a neurotoxin to insects but unlike Permethrins, they are not toxic to cats. Imidacloprid ? Found in and , is actually a type of neuro-active insecticide modeled after nicotine. The average lifespan of a flea is about 90 days. Pyriproxyfen ? can be used as a treatment for cat fleas and is also a juvenile hormone analogue, preventing larvae from developing into adulthood and thus, rendering them unable to reproduce. Natural Does Not Always Equal Safe Many people assume that natural is automatically safe. Do not use a detergent shampoo with topical flea treatments as they will be washed away. It is also commonly used to control mosquitoes in drinking water reservoirs. Cedar or eucalyptus shampoos might help as fleas do not like either. You can find it in .com has no vet on staff and makes no claims to veterinary or medical training. Brewer?s Yeast with Garlic ? A brewer?s yeast product can be added into food as a powder or given as a treat. Flea eggs can lay dormant for up to a year waiting for a food source before they hatch. Just for Ticks: Amitraz ? An antiparasitic drug used to control mites, ticks and lice in animals. It is an IGR which breaks the flea?s life cycle by mimicking juvenile hormones which must be absent for the pupae to transform into an adult. If you switch from one permethrin-based brand to another, you have not accomplished anything. It is suspected in some mass die-offs of bee populations which threatens pollination of food crops in the US and Europe. It cannot be used on horses as it causes irreversible gut stasis. (For every flea found on your pet there could be 25-50 more living in your home. Essential oils do not, as a group, need to have any specific chemical properties in common, beyond conveying characteristic fragrances. Be aware that raw garlic, onions and shallots can be toxic to pets. If you missed it, ??????????????????????? This information is to be used to help make an informed decision. (Related chemicals: deltamethrin, tetramethrin and cypermethrin) Pyrethrins ? Actually a pair of organic compounds found naturally in chrysanthemums. JeffersPet. Many people believe that cats should never be given any essential oils, period. IGR ? Insect Growth Regulators: Methoprene ? is used in conjunction with other active ingredients. The brewer?s yeast is very palatable to dogs. Flea Traps ? One very, safe and effective method is a small electric flea trap . So What Can You Do: There are some safe, natural alternatives for flea control. However, the pyrethrins are non-persistent and break down upon being exposed to light or oxygen. It is extremely toxic to fish and aquatic invertebrates as well as bees and game birds. One common additive is d?Limonene, which is derived from citrus peels. Keep in mind that both peanuts and tobacco are natural (as is nicotine). A rose by any other name? Here is a brief description of each of the main active ingredients in some of the most popular flea and tick treatments available today: The Old Standards: Permethrin ? A synthetic chemical used to kill fleas, ticks, lice, mosquitoes, flies and many other common pests. ? copied from Wikipedia. It has been around for a number of years and is one of the most common insecticides in the pyrethroid family. They are also known as volatile or ethereal oils, or simply as the ?oil of? the plant material from which they were extracted, such as oil of clove. Always consult your vet when making changes to your pets? diet, or any treatment. Just set in an inconspicuous, out of the way spot (in an area where your pet spends time) and the fleas will be attracted to the heat of the bulb and hop on and get stuck. Note these are used as repellents and will not kill. Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca) ? This has been known to cause a reaction in cats and is sometimes fatal. Read about other common household dangers to pets. Other Safe Alternatives: Grooming ? Using a flea comb daily and bathing with a gentle non-chemical, shampoo is fine and eliminates most fleas., pyriproxyfen is often marketed under the trade name Nylar?.S. Frustrating Flea Facts: Most of the fleas around you are living in your pet?s environment, rather than in its fur. This is one of the leading causes of tapeworm in pets. Nothing here is meant to suppress, supplant, or supersede the advice or diagnosis of a qualified veterinarian. Rotation Prevents Adaptation: One of the biggest misconceptions about flea treatment is that switching brands is the same as rotating.com Cats have trouble metabolizing essential oils and while some people have used them with no adverse reaction, the effects are cumulative as the toxins build up over time. Where opinions are expressed, they are the opinion of the author and not necessarily that of JeffersPet or Jeffers, Inc.) Sanitize ? Regularly wash anything your dog wears, sleeps on or plays with in hot soapy water. Adults fleas only make up about 5% of the flea population. Rotation of active ingredients is key in getting ahead of a flea infestation. Some pets eat 50 to 90 percent of the fleas off of their body. Nitenpyram ? The active ingredient found in . Some familiar products that use methoprene are , Bio-Spot? (spray, collar, and drops), and Adams? Plus Flea & Tick Collars. The sad truth is, the majority of the products on the market today share very few common active ingredients. Many natural products are known to be safe and effective, although some will argue that they are not as effective as true insecticides. Start with?. Amitraz cannot be used on cats. It is noted for its low toxicity in animals other than insects (exceptions are some species of fish and earthworms) and is used primarily for fleas as well as beetles, locusts, aphids and termites. (, Bio-Groom shampoos, Lambert-Kay shampoos, and are all safe, non-detergent formulas. When used in smaller, non-lethal doses, pyrethrins still act as a repellent to insects. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) ? can be used as a repellent with some effect (ask your vet about dosage). An oil is ?essential? in the sense that it carries a distinctive scent, or essence, of the plant. Vacuum carpets, furniture and drapes and immediately take the bag out of the vacuum, tie it up in a trash bag and dispose of it outside. ?? ? ? An essential oil is a concentrated, hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants. Use about a teaspoon in your pet?s drinking water daily. New Kids on the Block: Fipronil ? The active ingredient in Frontline? TopSpot and acts on the central nervous system of insects also but with no ill effects to mammals. They are effective as a yard treatment for fleas and ants and since they are living organisms, they multiply and so usually one or two treatments a year (after last frost) is sufficient. It can be highly toxic to cats. Apple Cider Vinegar ? is a harmless natural repellent and strengthens the immune system. They are not dangerous to humans, pets or even passing wildlife.) The female Cat Flea, ironically the most troublesome type of flea to dogs, may produce up to 60 eggs a day and 2,000 eggs in a lifetime. This is the active ingredient in , Bio-Groom? Flea & Tick Dip,?Adams? Plus Flea & Tick Dip and . No chemicals. It?s simple, safe, clean and effective.Flea Wars (Part 2): Key Active Ingredients Posted January 16, 2015 in by Ron W Hamilton This is Part 2 of a 2-part series on Flea Wars. Permethrin is also an added ingredient in (though, not the main ingredient). Natural flea products tend to rely on essential oils. Please note that essential, in the case of oils, does not mean necessary. Most use a 4 watt (night-light type) bulb and a sticky pad. However, if you have an allergy to peanuts, they can be deadly. Be sure to rinse carefully and thoroughly. Many products contain this ingredient. Fleas adapt to their environment and become stronger and more immune to popular chemicals with each generation. Permethrin is extremely toxic to cats and fish. Non-chemical Yard Treatment: Nematodes? What are they? Nematodes are essentially microscopic, parasitic worms that feed on insects (including flea larvae). Ticked Off ? A small scoop designed for removing ticks from your pet. Only adult fleas bite, making this an effective relief for your pet. Amitraz can also be found in Certifect, a new topical product from the makers of FrontLine?. It is normally used in conjunction with another type of treatment to achieve more lasting results. Be aware that some less scrupulous companies have advertised as all-natural, a flea product that contained pyrethrin, which is made from the African Chrysanthemum and is thus, natural but not safe. Besides fleas and ticks, it is also used to kill lice, cockroaches, and ants. Methoprene is non-toxic to humans and is used in the production of many foods

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